Arts-Based Research Methods & Examples


Agosin, M. (1987). Scraps of life:  Chilean arpilleras--Chilean women and the Pinochet dictatorship. Trenton, NJ: Red Star Press.

Barone, T., & Eisner, E. (1997). Arts-based educational research. In R. M. Jaeger, T. Barone & American Research Association (Eds.), Complementary methods for research in education (2nd ed., pp. 73-98). Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.

Beittel, K. (1973). Alternatives for art education research: Inquiries into the making of art. Dubuque, IA: William C. Brown.

Beittel, K. R. (1983). The phenomenology of the artistic image. Visual Arts Research, 9(2) (Issue 18), 25-39.

Beittel, K. R. (1989/92). Zen and the art of pottery. NY: Weatherhill.

Beittel, K. R., & Beittel, J. (1991). A celebration of art and consciousness. State College, PA: Happy Valley Healing Arts.

Bickel, B. A. (2006). Crossing the waterline. Visual Culture and Gender, 1, 86-91.

Boal, A. (1985). Theater of the oppressed (C. A. & M.-O. Leal McBride, Trans.). New York: Theatre Communications Group. Original work Teatro del oprimido y otras poéticas. New York: Urizen Books, 1979

Bordo, S. (1997). The body and the reproduction of femininity. In K. Conboy, N. Medina & S. Stanbury (Eds.), Writing on the body: Female embodiment and feminist theory (pp. 90-105). Columbia University Press.

Brett, G. (1987). Through our own eyes:  Popular art and modern history. Philadelphia, PA: New Society.

Bryson, N., M. A. Holly, and K. Moeg (Eds.) (1991). Visual Theory: Painting and Interpretation. London. Harper and Row.

Cahnmann-Taylor, M., & Siegesmund, R. (Eds.). (2008). Arts-Based Research in Education: Foundations for Practice. New York: Routledge.

Cochran, L. M., Younghouse, P. C., Sorflaten, J. W., & Molek, R. A. (1980). Exploring approaches to researching visual literacy. Educational Communication and Technology Journal, 28, 243-266.

Collier, J. Jr., & Collier, M. (1986). Visual anthropology: Photography as a research method. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Collins, B. R. (Ed.). 12 views of Manet's bar. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Denizen, N. (1991). Images of postmodern society: Social theory and contemporary cinema. London, Newbury Park, New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Denzin, N. K. (2003). The call to performance. Symbolic Interaction, 26(1), 187-207.

Edwards, E. (Ed.). (1992). Anthropology and photography 1860-1920. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Eisner, E. (2006). Does arts-based research have a future? Studies in Art Education, 48(1), 9-18.

Elkins, J. (2002). Stories of art. New York: Routledge.

Emme, M. (1991). Feminist film theory and art education. The Journal of Social Theory in Art Education, 11, 68-85.

Feld, S. & Williams, C. (1975). Toward a researchable film language. Studies in the Anthropology of Visual Communication, 2.(1), 25-32.

Finke, R. A. (1985). Theories relating mental imagery to perception. Psychological Bulletin, 98(2), 236-259.

Finley, S. (2003). Arts-based inquiry in QI: Seven years from crisis to guerrilla warfare. Qualitative Inquiry, 9, 281-296.

Fiske, J. (1989). Understanding popular culture. London, Sydney and Wellington: Unwin Hyman.

Frederickson, K., & Webb, S. E. (Eds.). (2003). Singular women: Writing the artist. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Goffman, E. (1974). Frame analysis: An essay on the organisation of experience. New York: Harper & Row. (Reprinted, 1986, Boston: Northeastern University Press)

Gombrich, E. H. (1960). Art and illusion, a study in the psychology of pictorial representation. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press.

Hayles, N. K. (2004). Print is flat, code is deep: The importance of media-specific analysis. Poetics Today, 25(1), 67-90.

Heider, K. G. (1976). Ethnographic Film. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Hochberg, J. E. (1982). Visual interest in picture-text combination: Final report for the period February 1, 1980 - January 31, 1982. New York: Columbia University.

Hockings, P. (1975). Principles of visual anthropology. The Hague: Mouton.

Hodge, R., & Kress, G. (1988). Social semiotics. Ithaca, New York: Cornell Univeristy Press.

Howze, W. C. (1988). The influence of western painting and genre painting on the films of John Ford. (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Texas, Austin, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, A48/10, 2475.

Irwin, R. L. (2003). Towards an aesthetic of unfolding in/sights through curriculum. Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies, 1(2), 63–78.

Irwin, R. L. (2005). A/r/tography. Retrieved December 15, 2005, from

Irwin, R. L., & de Cosson, A. (Eds.). (2005). A/r/tography: Rendering self through arts-based living inquiry. Vancouver, Canada: Pacific Educational Press.

Jonassen, D. H. (Ed.). (1996). Handbook of research for educational communications and technology. New York: Simon and Schuster Macmillan.

Keifer-Boyd, K. (1993). An exploratory study of nonverbal digital video interactive analytic techniques. In M. Zurmuehlen, (Ed.), Working Papers in Art Education, Reston, VA: National Art Education Association.

Keifer-Boyd, K. (2007).From content to form: Judy Chicago's pedagogy with reflections by Judy Chicago. Studies in Art Education: A Journal of Issues and Research in Art Education, 48(2), 133-153.

Kowalski, K. (2005). Arts-based research as an alternative lens: Rethinking current scientific models of physical self-concept. In N. Denzin (Ed.), First International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry (pp. 211-212). Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois.

LaDuke, B. (1985). Compañeras: Women, art, and social change in Latin America. San Francisco: City Lights Books.

Langer, S. (1982). Meaning and visual metaphor. Studies in Art Education, 23, 2.

Leavy, P. (2008). Method meets art: Arts-based research practice. New York: Guilford Press.

Liamputtong, P. (2008). Knowing differently: Arts-based and collaborative based research methods. New York. Nova Science Publishers.

Lockford, L., & Pelias, R. J. (2004). A typology of performative knowledge. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Marchese, F. T. (Ed.), Understanding images: Finding meaning in digital imagery. New York: Springer-Verlag Telos.

McNiff, S. (1998) Art-based research. London: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.

Mead, M., & Bateson, G. (1942). Balinese character: A photographic analysis (Special Publications, II). New York: New York Academy of Sciences. (Reissued, 1962)

Miller, P. W. (1988). Nonverbal comunication: What research says to the teacher (3rd ed.). Washington D. C.: National Education Association.

Nichols, B. (1991). Representing reality: Issues and concepts in documentary. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Piantanida, M., McMahon, P. L., & Garman, N. B. (2003). Sculpting the contours of arts-based educational research within a discourse community. Qualitative Inquiry, 9(2), 182-191.

Pelias, Ronald J. (2000). Performance as a method. In L. R. Frey, C. H. Botan & G. L. Kreps (Eds.), Investigating communication: An introduction to research methods (2nd ed., 252-55). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Pelias, Ronald J. (2004). A Methodology of the Heart: Evoking Academic and Daily Life. Rowman & Littlefield.  Pollock, G. (2003). Vision and difference: Femininity, feminism and histories of art. London: Routledge.

Rollins, M. (1989). Mental imagery: On the limits of cognitive science. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Rose, Gillian. (2001). Visual methodologies: An introduction to the interpretation of visual materials.

Rowan, J. (2001). A guide to humanistic psychology. Alameda, CA: Association for Humanistic Psychology. Retrieved December 15, 2005, from

Shepard, R. N. (1975). Form, formation, and transformation of internal representations. In R. L. Solso (Ed.), Information Processing and Cognition: The Loyola Symposium. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Sorenson, E. R. (1975). Visual records, human knowledge, and the future. In P. Hockings (Ed.), Principles of visual anthropology (pp. 463-476). Chicago: Mouton Publishers.

Sullivan, G. (2005). Art practice as research: Inquiry in the visual arts. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Szabad-Smyth. L. (2005). Apples of change: Arts-based methodology as a poetic and visual sixth sense. In C. Mitchell, S. Weber & K. O'Reilly-Scanlon (Eds.), Just who do we think we are?: Methodologies for autobiography and self-study in teaching. New York: Routledge Falmer

Thomas, T. (1991). Interart analogy: Practice and theory in comparing the arts. The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 25(2), 17-36.

Wilbur, K. (1997). An integral theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 4(1), 71-92.

Worth, S. & Adair, J. (1975). Through Navajo eyes: An exploration in film communication and anthropology, (3rd printing). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Zavarzadeh, M. (1992). "Pun(k) deconstruction and the postmodern imagination," Cultural Critique (Fall): 5-44.